Issue No 19 Volume Summer 2001 May 2001
The first of the Summer Issued Newsletters.
The intention is that these Newsletters will be made available on the Internet. Previously the Newsletters have been posted to the family when they were included with the Christmas Cards and Christmas Letters. The number of correspondents has increased, the time required to distribute the Newsletter increased and the cost has escalated.
The format has also changed. It is intended to only update the standard subject headings when there has been a significant change.
As in this Newsletter it is hoped to include a major article about one of the family that has been researched in the year.
William Cuffley b 1777 d ####? Soldier of the 52nd Regiment Light Infantry.
During his service he was on furlough in 1809 to Kingsthorpe when an order was put on the parish to pay him 30 shillings.
William was 5ft 10" tall had brown hair, hazel eyes and a sallow complexion.
During his service as a private he was paid 5s for 1 week and after his attestation his pay for 31 days service was £1-11s-0d.
While the 52nd Regiment was at
Picture of Officer and Private of the 52nd Regiment, Line Infantry.
(From Charles Hamilton Smith: Costume of the Army of the British Empire according to the last Regulations, 1814).
Historical background to the 2nd Battalion 52 Regiment of Light Infantry.
WILLIAM CUFFLEY was a soldier in the 2nd Battalion 52nd Regiment of Light Infantry.
He was transferred to
the 52nd Regiment on
In 1803 both the 43rd
and 52nd became Corps of Light Infantry as the 43rd (Monmouthshire)
Light Infantry and 52nd (Oxfordshire) Light Infantry. Joined by the
95th Rifles they were formed into the Light Brigade at
A 2nd Battalion, 52nd
Regiment formed in 1804. They took pant in the 1807 expedition to
Right a group of soldiers from 'British Military Uniforms from Contemporary Pictures' by W Y CARMAN published by Spring Books. The soldier of the 43rd Regiment Light Infantry seated on the right of the group is dressed similarly to a soldier of the 52nd would have been except the hat badge would be as shown left.
In August 1808 both Regiments (43rd
& 52nd) landed in
VIMIERA (Peninsular War) 1808 Sir Arthur Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington) lead 17,000 troops towards the Portuguese capital and 32 miles NW of Lisbon at Vimeira on 21 August they drove back a force of 14,000 French suffering 720 casualties. The French suffered 1800 casualties.
In January 1809 they both took part in SIR
JOHN MOORE'S retreat to CORUNNA and achieved fame, with the 95th, as rearguard
to the Army. The battle at CORUNNA
(Peninsular War) 1809 was after a 250 mile retreat in the harsh winter
conditions and harassed by the enemy. The 14,000 British troops were preparing
to embark at Carunna, north
In 1809 a Battalion of both Regiments (43rd
and 52nd) had been with a disastrous expedition to
WILLIAM CUFFLEY was on extended furlough in
September 1809 so it is fortunate that he was not at
Under SIR ROBERT CRAUFURD a light Division was formed, consisting of the three regiments, with the Chestnut Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, and two Portuguese light infantry regiments, called Cacadores. The 43rd and 52nd distinguished themselves in battles at the crossing of the River COA and at SABUGAL and BUSACO where, during a brilliant charge, two privates of the 52nd captured a French general.
BUSACO (Peninsular War) 1810 Viscount
Wellington retired towards Torres Vedras. 120 miles NE of Lisbon at Busaco he
deployed 50,000 troops on the ridge close to
At the siege of CIUDAD RODRIGO, the 52nd's
storming party, by capturing the Breach, largely caused the fall of the
fortress. Viscount Wellington's advance on
At the siege of
They fought at NIVELLE and at ORTHES, where the 52nd made a daring attack across a marsh. The war ended in 1814 and this brought the disbandment of the Division with the 43rd and 52nd sailing home.
From a watercolour sketch by Reverend William Bradford, Chaplain of Brigade. Published in 'The Peninsular War' by Roger Parkinson, published by Book Club Associates 1973.